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2007年最新SEO技巧总结

2007-12-28点击数(0)
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这篇文章我是在国外SEO论坛上找到的,号称是最新的SEO总结经验,而且回帖和讨论比较多,所以我原版转过来了,为了保证整个文章的质量,而且本人翻译的也不是很到位,所以只是简单翻译了一下前言和12个大的要点,详细...

这篇文章我是在国外SEO论坛上找到的,号称是最新的SEO总结经验,而且回帖和讨论比较多,所以我原版转过来了,为了保证整个文章的质量,而且本人翻译的也不是很到位,所以只是简单翻译了一下前言和12个大的要点,详细内容大家可以自己尝试翻译一下。
 
 
I am a member in many SEO and PPC Forums and over the years have seen a transition in the type of posts that I find. Some members really give it their all, and truly try to help out and they are assets to these forums.
我做为一个经常混迹与SEO和PPC论坛的人,常年的都在看很多的文章和分析,有些人的确是将自己所知道的都贡献了出来,而且是真实的对大家进行帮助。
 
Others seem to almost ‘hold-back’ giving clean advice and tangible examples to implement their explanations. I’m not sure if this is because they fear they are giving something away to a competitor or what the reason is behind it, so I have made it a point to always try to give real working examples or ways to apply any advice that I give.
而另一些人只是为了单纯的进行广告,或者是将这个论坛当作他们自己自己的例子的一个炫耀的地方,我不清楚他们是害怕将经验提供出来会导致竞争者还是有更深层次的原因,所以,我自己将用真实的例子贡献出我自己的一些建议给大家。
 
SeoChat has been my home for several years, and where I post most of my stuff. A great forum that has more of the type of people that you are looking for, people willing to help.
Seochat作为我的学习之地已经有好几年时间了,而且我也公布过我的一些经验,一个好的论坛有很多人都在交流并且渴望得到帮助
 
This is a good example that I hope will bring some new ideas for optimizing your website. This is version 2.
我希望带给大家一些新的想法和经验,通过他们给你的网站带来最好的效果。
 
 
 
12 More SEO Tips for 2007 by GaryTheScubaGuy
2007年的12个SEO要诀
 
1.       Long Tail Titles + Content
长尾标题+内容
2.       Advanced Keyword Selection
先进的关键字选择
3.       Video Marketing
视频营销
4.       Create a Link Building Campaign
建立链接结构活动
5.       HTML Comment Tags/ External File Names/ Optimised PDF Documents
HTML 意见标签/ 外部的文件名字/ 将可携式电子文件最佳化
6.       Site Navigation and Usability
站点的方向和可行性
7.       Basic SEO Checks
基本的SEO检查
8.       Optimise Your 404 Page
将你的404最佳化
9.       Google Custom Desktop and Google Alerts for Content
Google桌面化习惯和google注意的内容
10.   Press Releases and Syndication
新闻稿和企业化
11.   Social Bookmarking
社会书签
12.   My Top SEM Tools
我的顶端SEO工具
 
 
 
1. Long Tail Titles + Content
 
In highly competitive markets, generic title tags just don’t get it done anymore, although title tags can be one of the more important elements that the Search Engines look at to identify and categorize your page.
 
 
End-users are becoming more and more knowledgeable about how search engines work; The more descriptive words they use, the more likely they are to get the results that they are looking for. What this means is that last year the key phrase for company “A” was Debt Help.
 
 
This year their top keyword phrase is Get Debt Free. I don’t know why, maybe there is a major company out there doing debt consolidation ad campaigns that have “coined” this phrase to make it more memorable than debt help. Who knows? The point is that they are using a completely different search phrase, and the phrase is 3 words rather than 2 words.
 
 
Generally speaking, “the lower number of words the better”, has been the overall suggested recommendation to target because human nature is the path of least resistance. To a point it still is, but the people using longer phrases (based on my analytics), know what they are looking for, because they convert at a significantly higher rate.
 
 
Once I have identified these phrases I start building additional pages, or even microsites (for purposes of A/B, funnel, and conversion testing) and I target the 3, 4, 5 or even 6 word long tail phrases.
Use these longer keyword phrases within your content as well. If possible, replace enough of the current keywords with the long-tail keywords. (If you do not build separate pages)
 
 
If you are in a highly competitive market, this could be the answer that you are looking for to attract the middle 40-80% target audience that you are looking for, plus get great conversion rates. Just be sure to create well structured “call to actions” in the page. (See #5 below)
 
 
2. Advanced Keyword Selection
 
 
This has been covered over and over again, but it is a very important element and the importance of ongoing research is very important to stay ahead of the competition. There are several tools out there, most of which are free, or offer free trials. I typically use several different tools.
 
 
Google Trends – According to Google “Google Trends aims to provide insights into broad search patterns. As a Google Labs product, it is still in the early stages of development. Also, it is based upon just a portion of our searches, and several approximations are used when computing your results. Please keep this in mind when using it.”
 
 
This is great if you are in an industry that has seasonal traffic. This identifies the seasonality of keyword searches. Google also has a keyword tool that will take a large list of keywords and when filtered by Search Volume Trends gives you a list that contains 12 months data and when the highest month of occurrence was.
 
 
KeywordDiscovery collects search term data from just over 180 search engines world wide. Their database contains approximately 32 billion searches from the last 12 months. Their Premium Database contains over 600 million results.
What I like is that they cover a wider demographic than the other paid tools available.
 
 
Although the new WordTracker UK version is a great addition for our company, being that it is based in the UK, KeywordDiscovery seems to be a better choice for those in a European market. Major differences are the databases that they pull their results from. WordTracker uses 4 or 5 sources (e.g. MetaCrawler, DogPile and Overture), while KeywordDiscovery uses Google, Yahoo Groups, DMOZ, MSN, Teoma, Miva and over 50 other databases. They also pull from databases in Japan, Netherlands, Australia, New Zealand, Sweden, Canada, Germany, France, Belgium, Switzerland, Denmark, Finland, Italy, Czech Republic, Russia, Spain, Mexico, Israel, South Africa, India, and Norway. In the UK alone they use 11 different engines including google.co.uk.
 
 
 
SpyFu is a neat (and free) tool that can eliminate keywords that you may think are good to use, but may not convert well. It is a tool for Google Adwords and if you are trying to determine an estimated spend for individual keywords.
 
I use this keyword tool to see what companies are bidding on related to my query. Chances are, if they are bidding on it, then its probably converting. This helps me eliminate broad terms as well (e.g. parts, cars). I guess you can use other tools to base KEI (keyword effectiveness index) on and do close to the same thing, but SpyFu makes it a little easier and faster.
 
It will also show you misspelled terms. Of course many of these tools have this function but again, this tools does it quicker. Here’s an example of what SpyFu came up with when I searched for ‘advanced auto parts’;
 
advaced auto parts
advancd auto parts
advancded auto parts
advence auto parts
advenced auto parts
after market auto parts
aftermarket auto parts
anvance auto parts
 
So it doesn’t just show ergonomic misspellings, it also shows ‘stoopid’ misspellings.
 
HitTail is a tool that I hold near and dear to my heart because I had some of input into its development, and they added a few features that I requested while using it for Pay Per Click keyword research. (Well, that and the fact the tool saved my client £90,000 a year).
 
The tool was originally designed to do what log files can basically do, but quicker and easier. HitTail gathers the keyword and keyword phrases that brought your visitors to the site and graphs them to identify niche phrases that have high KEI so that you can use them in articles or online content. They added an xml export feature that I love because I can use it while creating adwords campaigns and save myself a ton of time.
 
The reason I use it for keyword research is two-fold;
1. It’s quicker and easier than log file data mining
2. I can quickly identify the long 4-6 keyword phrases to use in my content
 
Search engine users are become more savvy and their knowledge increases every day. They know that the more words they use to target their query the better the results will be. I see 20-30% of my visitors using 4+ keyword strings. Two years ago it was around 2-3.
 
 
 
3. Video Marketing
 
Video is huge, and will continue to grow quickly. Yahoo and YouTube average visits were between 13 to 15 minutes. Imagine getting people to watch an ad on television that long. Or what you would have to pay for that audience.
 
All it takes is a video camera or good webcam, some basic editing software, and your ready to go. Be sure to keep the video short, something that people want to learn about or that will keep them watching, and place your URL somewhere in the video. At the end of the video include a “call to action”.
 
Submit your instructional video (or whatever you choose to do) to free video publishing sites such as YouTube, Shorkle, Veoh, Furl, Bolt, MovieMasher, Zango, Badongo, MyUseNet and many others.
 
Continue to work on this and master your editing skills. Be sure to name the file with your keywords. You would be surprised how many of these video ads are showing up on the first page in normal Google searches. This will give you a great advantage over your competition if videos (or what I like to call free advertising) can be applied to your niche market.
 
 
 
4. Create a Link Building Campaign
 
If you haven’t done this yet, you are already behind. Link building is an acceptable practice if it is done the right way. Here I’ll tell you what I think is the right way.
 
You need to set some type of budget. Whether you’re an individual with one or two accounts, or an agency with dozens, you need to have some type of budget set aside for this. It can be money or it can be time.
 
Here is how I segment my campaigns;
15% – 25% to purchase 1-way back links to internal pages. Not text links. I create custom/bespoke articles that will compliment the owner’s site, and that have my keyword phrase within it as my anchor text. I also make sure that it is a relevant site to my article/anchor text.
 
25% - 30% reciprocal link exchange. Not text links. I create custom/bespoke articles that will compliment the owner’s site, and that have my keyword phrase within it as my anchor text. I also make sure that it is a relevant site to my article/anchor text.
 
25% for blogs and forums. It’s considered Guerilla Marketing. This takes a little longer because you need to establish yourself within communities and become somewhat of an authority that can post links to relevant and useful content on a site. This will attract actual traffic (and improved rankings), and also create natural back links from other end-users.
 
25% Use an automated tool (IBP 9.0 – Axandra) to find potential link partners.
 
Now whether you hire students to do these tasks or you do them yourself, they need to be part of your daily routine.
 
Obviously there are other considerations such as building good content that people want to link to, creating top 10 lists, how-to guides and reviews, but not all markets have the ability to do these in a relevant way. My recommendation in this type of situation, and really any others, is to do a who-is lookup and pick up the phone and start calling. These are the best kind of back links.
 
 
 
5. HTML Comment Tags/ External File Names/ Optimised PDF Documents
 
It seems like a small thing, and even overkill to some, but I have participated in some testing on these suggestions and in all instances positive results were seen.
 
The first, rewriting external file names, would be taking your external css or javascript files and using your keyword/keyword phrases within their actual file name. As I believe meta tags (keywords and descriptions) are still in use to a point, I believe things like the file names and html comment tags are as well.
 
Google mentions looking at html comment tags in their Adsense Help Centre. Does this mean that their algo also looks at html comments? Maybe, maybe not. But It can’t hurt. (Only add 1 keyword phrase though, and use it in a sentence, and not the first word).
 
Last, but not least, create PDF versions of your pages that are already ranking well, or have had content written for optimisation purposes. In other words, I have pages that have what I feel is the perfect SEO formula, with on and off-page optimisation. Take these pages and get the trial version of Adobe Acrobat 8 Professional. This will allow you to automatically create PDF versions of your pages, and add a few other optimisation elements.
 
Be sure to name the files with your keywords. Take these PDF files and put them in a subdirectory off of your root, and in the same directory add a your-keywords-here.xml sitemap, separate from your site xml map. Submit it separately to Google for a crawl.
 
 
 
6. Site Navigation and Usability
 
Navigation and usability is a fundamental element to search engine optimisation. It is also one of the first things I look at.
 
Unfortunately in most situations there is a Director, Manager or Webmaster that is married to the current design. If we see a need for complete redesign, hopefully we are lucky enough to be given the “nod”, but in most cases that does not happen, so we are forced to change bits and pieces.
 
Before I touch on some good tips, let me just say this to the site owners, webmasters and upper-management people out there. If you are not ranking well, not getting a good click-through rate, experiencing high bounce rates or cart abandonment, or a you get a myriad of traffic without a minimum of 3% conversion, then you probably have usability issues.
 
You have more than one choice.
 
You can let us redesign your website and almost guarantee every element I mention above will be resolved.
 
You can let us create microsites in subdomains with full access to tinker around, test and improve. This way your “top-secret” back-end won’t be exposed (or cause any infrastructure or complicated matrix/server issues).
 
You can let us change elements within your current site and test them with the knowledge that we really know what we are doing.
 
At the end of the day what I am getting at here is that this is a serious fundamental element in a successful website. We typically sit down with 10 or 12 of our best people when looking at the websites functionality. This is about the best focus group you could ever wish to have looking at the website because we also know end-user behavior. Keep an open mind to these types of suggestions because they are usually one of the major issues most websites have.
 
So on to the tips.
 
Be sure you have definitive CTA’s (Call To Actions) throughout your site, preferably in the navigation bars. These can be Call Us, Contact Us, Get a Quote, Add To Cart, Sign Up, Request Information or whatever. These CTA’s should be in an abridged form that has as few fields as possible.
 
I recently looked at a website (a major name that you would recognize) that sells insurance online. Being an ex-insurance agent I know the information that they need to give a quote is certainly not 15 pages long. We actually timed it at close to 20 minutes to complete.
 
Checkout procedures, whether for an ecommerce site selling widgets, or an insurance company trying to give a quote, the information that is required should be kept to a bare minimum. Human nature is the “path of least resistance” and you can scare them off with a daunting list of required fields when all they were looking for was a quick comparison quote. People don’t want to have to give this personal information away in the first place, and doing it online is an even scarier scenario, but now you want it all!?!?
 
Cut this down to just a few fields over a maximum of 2 pages…and even just 1 if possible.
 
Using javascript/ajax style forms are great. With these you only show a few fields at a time and if the appropriate radio button is selected, it opens additional fields to be filled in. The idea is that if you get them mentally committed by filling out a few fields, they are more likely to fill out the remaining fields.
 
Placement of “information request” forms are important as well. If you carry 100’s of products, don’t put a “request more information” button or form in your side navigation bar. Put one below each product and add script that will pre-fill the request form out so that all the end user need do is add minimal personal information.
 
For those that are eTailers, or those who have actual physical products that they sell (not necessarily affiliate marketers) and are competitive with their competition and their pricing, put a Low Price Guarantee like the one that you see here. You’ll be surprised at the increase in sales opportunities that you will see.
 
 
 
7. Basic SEO Checks
 
This is a list of basic SEO tasks that should be the first thing that you check on all of your pages. Many times I find myself looking for the more technical issues, only to find out from one of our freshman SEM’s that there was a 302 redirect rather than a 301, or worse, there was a doorway page or hidden text from a previous SEO company. So I’m including this list as a checklist for you to use.
 
Check for 302 redirects or any other redirects.
 
Check for Load Time, Browser Compatibility, Spell Check, and Link Check.
 
Check Server Headers
 
Code to Text Checker
 
Keyword Density
 
Spider Simulator
 
Plagiarism Checker
 
Atom & RSS Feed Validator
 
W3C Markup Validation Service
 
Domain Directory Checker (top 10 Directories)
 
 
 
8. Optimise Your 404 Page
 
The search engines look at traffic in their algorithms to “grade” a page. If you have a complicated URL, one that is commonly misspelled, or do something else that could endanger losing any existing links that are published out on the WWW, this is the landing page the visitor will get sent to. If it has your template and navigation from the rest of the site it will get indexed like a normal page.
 
Change your title and meta to one of your keyword strings, add an image and relative content that reflects your keywords as well. I avoid placing the actual term “404” on the page.
 
A simple ,”You have found this page in error, please select from the menu on the left side of this page” will do here, and you will retain more traffic.
 
 
 
9. Google Custom Desktop and Google Alerts for Content
 
If you are not using Google Customized Desktop, Google Reader, or some type of rss feed reader already, you should definitely start using one. The easiest way to accomplish this for a complete novice (but is actually the way I do it), is with your GMail account. Which is something else you should already be using. For the data storage alone you should be using it. If you need an invitation to open one send me a request and I’ll send an invite (garythescubadiver@gmail.com). You will need a GMail account to use these tools.
 
With a GMail account you can go to the Google homepage and login using your email. In the top right corner is a link for “Add stuff”. It allows you to add specific URLs and it will pull the last 1-10 entries from that page and populate your Google Desktop. Here’s a snapshot of what mine looks like [images do not show].
 
Its not the best snapshot but I wanted to show as much as possible. This is actually only about 1/3 of what I have on mine. These are different places that I used to go to individually to find information.
 
Google Alerts is a fantastic tool. You enter your search term and whenever Google finds your term while crawling the web it will send you and email with a link to it. I have alerts on everything from “google datacenters” to “DMOZ” and “Matt Cutts” to “Danny Sullivan”.
 
When I look for content, I use these as reference tools. They are not meant to be used to scrape content or plagiarize other websites.
 
There are many other uses for these if you put your head to it. :o)
 
 
 
10. Press Releases and Syndication
 
Press Releases are a fantastic way to get natural one-way links, and also attract fresh traffic. If they are done correctly they can be the main source for building traffic, gaining ranking positions and building trust with the search engines.
 
In the United States I use PRWeb, and in the UK and Europe I use SourceWire to syndicate articles. Both originally started as PR companies before the web came around so they have excellent connections with real syndicated sources. The websites that they send the articles to, will re-syndicate them to even more websites. You will pay between £20-£40/$20-$60 depending on the amount that you send them.
The articles that you syndicate should be authoritative or about something that will attract people to it, like Top 12 SEO Tips for 2007, or Ten Reasons Why ______________.
 
 
Spider Simulator - This tool simulates a search engine spider by displaying the contents of a web page in exactly the way the spider would see it.
 
URL Rewriting - This tool converts dynamic URLs to static URLs. You will need to create an .htaccess file to use this tool.
 
Keyword Misspelling Generator - allows you to generate various misspellings of a keyword or phrase to match common typing errors. Useful for creating keyword lists around your most important keywords to bid on.
 
Keyword Density Analysis Tool - finds common words and phrases on your site.
 
Hub Finder - finds marketingally related pages by looking at link co-citation. post about tool
 
Page Text Rank Checker - tool allows you to check where your site ranks for each phrase or term occurring on the page.
 
XML Sitemaps - makes free Google sitemaps for sites up to 500 pages in size. Sells a cheap and useful script to build sitemaps for larger site sizes.
 
PageRank Toolbar For Mac - A widget to show PageRank for the site you are on.
 
 
 
Google Tools
 
· Google Webmaster Central *Tool
· Google Labs*Tool
· SpyFu for Google Bidding*Tool
· Google Future PR *Tool
· Google Sandbox *Tool
· Google Dance Watch
· Google Page Rank Formula and Sandbox Explanation
· Google Google Information and FAQ
· Google Reinclusion Request *Tool
· Banned by Google? *Tool
· Google Advanced Search *Tool
· Google Data Center Pages Indexed Check*Tool
· Google Page Rank Check (All DC‘s)*Tool
· Google Keyword Ranking Check*Tool
· Google "Need-To-Know" Info
· Beginner Adwords Tips *Instruction
· How Google Analytics Work *Instruction
· Check Google Keyword Prices *Tool
· Hit Tail *Advanced Adwords Tool
· Hit Tail Documented
 
 
 
And Even More SEO Tools
 
· Getting into DMOZ *Tool
· Meta Tag Generator *Tool
· RoboForm - A MUST-HAVE! *Tool
· Keyword Density *Tool
· Web CEO - SEO Software *Tool
· IBP Pro - SEO Software *Tool
· Robots.txt Generator *Tool
· Link Popularity *Tool
· Domain Age Check *Tool
· Code-to-Text *Tool
· Spider Simulator *Tool
· Who Supplies Who with Search Results*Tool
· Adwords Click Fraud Study *Information
· Abuse IP Checker *Tool
· IP Information *Tool
· IP, City and reverse IP Lookup *Tool
· Ping *Tool
· Traceroute *Tool
· PPC Hijacking *Information
· PPC 101 *Instruction
· PPC 102 *Instruction
· Comprehensive Link Building 101 *Tool
· Link Baiting *Instruction
 
 
 
So I hope V2 was worth the wait.
 
GaryTheScubaGuy

 

 

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