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托福测验改错题常考要点及例题申明(上)Ⅰ

2010-06-08点击数(0)
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托福测验改错题常考要点及例题申明(上)Ⅰ 一、代词 代词中重要解说六个题目 (一)掌握代词的几种格:主格、宾格、全部格名词背面用代词来润色,只能用全部格(my books) (二)反身代词 当主语和...
托福测验改错题常考要点及例题申明(上)Ⅰ
一、代词
代词中重要解说六个题目
(一)掌握代词的几种格:主格、宾格、全部格名词背面用代词来润色,只能用全部格(my books)
(二)反身代词
当主语和宾语默示统一事物时,宾语利用反身代词。
He killed himself.(他自杀了)
He killed him.(自杀了他)
例:Researchers at the University of Colorado are investigating
AB
a series of indicators that could help
C
themselves to predict earthquakes.
D
申明:D错,应改为them。如果用反身代词themselves,指代工具是从句主语that(即名词indicators),这显然是错误的。从句意来看,help的宾语应该是主句主语researchers,故使用代词宾格而不是反身代词。留意C并没有错,模样形状动词could比can语气弱,默示较小的年夜概性。
Indicator为征兆,这些征兆匡助他们来预言地动。主语是征兆,背面指钻研者,不是统一个事物。
(三)代词的单双数,代词的性别
在测验中如果代词打横线,代词错误的概率是极度高的,因此代词打横线,应该先看代词有没有错。
例:The continental divide refers to an imaginary line in the North American Rockies
that divides the waters flowing into the Atlantic Ocean from it flowing into the
ABCD
Pacific.
申明:D错,应改为those。D指代双数名词waters, it是双数,显然是错误的,根据习尚故改为those。留意waters一词并没有错,它指江湖河海中的IT水域,可用双数形式。
Water作为水是不可数名词,waters默示水域,每每利用双数形式,作主语谓语动词用双数。
Work作为义务是不可数名词,work作为作品,可数不可数都可以,例如:
Many of his works= much of his work, work都默示作品
例:In 1920 the presidential candidate Warren Harding coined
A
the word“normalcy”to express social and
B
economic conditions they promised the nation.
CD
申明:D错,应改为he。举措promised是由Warren Harding收返来的,故用第三人称双数he来指代。
例:Many critics believe that Amy Lwell' s most important
A
work is not poetry, but his biography, John
BC
Keats, published the year of her death.
D
申明:C错,应改为her。his指男性,显然是错误的,应改为her与背面的her同指Amy Lowell.
(四) Who和which的区别
which指代事物大概动物,who指代人,who/whom son频频要改为whose son, whose可以指代事物。
例:The human body contains more than six hundred muscles who
A B
account for approximately forty percent of the body weight.
CD
申明:B错,应改为which或that。先行词不是指人,而是指物,干系代词不能用who,故改为which或that。
人体背面加定冠词the, account for据有多年夜的比例,注释申明。
(五) that和which的区别介词背面利用which,而不用that,in that除外
例:When television was first introduced, the extent to that it
AB
would affect society could not have been foreseen.
CD
申明:B错,应改为which。The extent to which,介词加which(指导定语从句),影响社会的程度没有被预见
(六)定语从句的特别省略 Reason背面有定语从句,中心频频省略why, Time背面有定语从句,中心频频省略when,way背面有定语从句,中心省略了in which。
I do remember the time I heard the sweetest voice in the wild world.
例:Research on pain has been neglected, although the mainly
AB
reason people take medicine is to relieve pain.
C D
申明:B错,应改为main。mainly为副词,不能个饰背面的名词,故改为描述词main。句子中people take medicine润色reason,定语从句指导词被省略
例:Commercial expansion from city to suburb has
affected the way people in the United States----.
(A) living and working
(B) they live and work
(C) live and work
(D) to live and to work
申明:选择C, the way people....影响了人们糊口和义务的体例。
关键字:托福改错 托福改错题 漫笔改错 英语改错 英语漫笔改错

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