您当前位置:首页 > 资讯 > 外贸学院 > 外贸英语 > 英语考试 > TOEFL语法教诲:词的顺序

TOEFL语法教诲:词的顺序

2010-06-08点击数(0)
广告位招租,500元/月 加盟合作:QQ:522588122
TOEFL语法教诲:词的顺序 词的顺序在托福语法中出现得较多。错误的选项与准确选项的差异频频只是几个词的顺序不合,可是表达的结果却完全不合。有幸的是,错误的选项常常在句法上就不可立,如将正常语序中的主谓...
TOEFL语法教诲:词的顺序
词的顺序在托福语法中出现得较多。错误的选项与准确选项的差异频频只是几个词的顺序不合,可是表达的结果却完全不合。有幸的是,错误的选项常常在句法上就不可立,如将正常语序中的主谓倒置,名词词组中的中央词和定语倒置。一旦你能识别句子主干和构造,题目就变得相称简朴。倒置的顺序只能混同那些完全不懂的考生,关于年夜部分考生来说都是送分题。
例题1(1997年8月考题)
An critic, teacher, librarian, or poet who hopes to broaden poetry's audience faces the difficult challenge of persuading skeptical readers _____.
(A) that poetry is important today
(B) for poetry to be important today
(C) to be important poetry today
(D) poetry that is important today.
首先,申明句子构造。句子的主干是an critic(teacher, librarian or poet) faces the difficult challenge.定语从句who hopes to broaden poetry's audience润色句子的主语an critic, teacher, librarian, or poet;介词短语of persuading skeptical readers_____润色名词词组the difficult challenge.空格内填进的既不是主句的主语,谓语,也不是主句的宾语,但它却是润色宾语的定语。所以必需符合润色的划定例则,在这里显现为符合动词persuade的用法。我们晓得,persuade有三种用法:persuade sb to do sth(劝某人做某事),persuade sb of sth(劝某人相信某事)和persuade sb that从句(劝某人相信某事)。选项恰好符合第三种用法,并且意思疏浚。选项B和C固然都带了介词to,但却不符合persuade sb to do sth的用法,因为其中的动词do sth必需是sb这团体所实施的举措。关于选项D,显然poetry that的顺序错了。如果将poetry that该成that poetry,就变成了选项A,即准确谜底。例题2(1999年1月考题)All eels spawn in the sea, the eggs hatchingsintostransparent, ribbonlike larvae _____, feeding until they metamorphosesintossmall eels.(A) that drift about(B) drift about(C) about drifting(D) drift about them首先申明句子构造。All eels spawn in the sea是个完整的主谓构造。而厥后的身分与这个主谓构造没有连词相连(4个选项都不含连词),所以背面都是润色身分。其中的the eggs hatchingsintostransparent, ribbonlike larvae _____应该是同位语,而feeding until they metamorphosesintossmall eels是larvae的陪伴状语。所以,空格里填进的应该是润色larvae的身分。4个选项中,A因此that指导的定语从句,它恰好可以润色名词larvae.选项B和D恰好与larvae组成主谓构造,显然不符合空格。至于C,则地道是一个混同选项。例题3(1997年8月考题)Among the first plants to grow on the land regions of the Earth _____, which in prehistoric times grew to immense size.(A) were horsetail rushes(B) horsetail rushes(C) horsetail rushes were(D) and horsetail rushes首先,申明句子构造。这个句子以介词短语开头,among the first plants to grow on the land regions of the Earth.根据我们平常阅读的履历,该介词短语该当充当句子的谓语大概润色名词的定语。如果它充当句子的谓语,那么这个句子应该用倒装语序,即背面紧跟一个助动词和主语。选项A恰好是这种倒装的谓语构造,并且空格后which指导的从句恰好润色在它之前的名词horsetail rushes.这里,among介词指导的短语的另外一种年夜概用法是润色主句的名词做定语。如果是这种情况的话,空格应该有一个完整的主谓构造,应该空格后都是定语。选项B和D都不带谓语动词,所以拂拭失落。选项C后带了动词,但却是助动词,并且恰好是选项A的主谓顺序倒置。由此,我们晓得这应该是一个介词指导的倒装语序,所以准确谜底是A.例题4(1997年8月考题)Unlike fossil fuels, which can be used only once, wind and solar power _____of energy.(A) for renewable sources(B) the sources are renewable(C) are renewable sources(D) renewable sources这里,句子的主干应该是wind and solar power____ of energy.Unlike fossil fuels默示比较,做状语。而which指导的从句which can be used only once润色fossil fuels.我们将4个选项分别代进句子主干的空格中,得(A) wind and solar power for renewable sources of energy选项A没有主语,即没有完整的主谓构造。(B) wind and solar power the sources are renewable of energy很清楚,这也不能组成一个完整的存心义的句子。(C) wind and solar power are renewable sources of energy这个选项最符合,因为主谓完全,并且以名词sources末端,让介词短语of energy润色。(D) wind and solar power renewable sources of energy很清楚,这也不能组成一个完整的主谓构造。所以,准确谜底是C例题5(1997年8月考题)Today _____ of the Earth live on a very small percentage of the Earth's land suITce.(A) about two-thirds populated(B) the population is about two-thirds(C) about two-thirds of the population(D) of about two-thirds the population is首先,申明句子构造。根据句子的年夜意,动词live应该是主句的谓语动词。空格填进的应该是句子的主语,而a very small percentage of润色限制the Earth's land suITce.我们简化这个句子,得出句子主干_____ live on the Earth's land suITce.空格内应该填进名词大概名词短语。4个选项中,只要C是清楚的名词短语,代进后也符合句意。选项A中的populated不论是做定语照旧谓语都不符合句意。而选项B和D都是带有助动词的主谓构造,固然不能填进只缺主语的句子中。所以,准确谜底是C.例题6(1997年8月考题)Following the guidelines for speaking and voting established by the book Robert's Rules of Order, _____during meetings.(A) and avoid large decision-IT organizations' procedural confusion(B) large decision-IT organizations avoid procedural confusion(C) is procedural confusion avoided by large decision-IT organizations(D) are avoiding procedural confusion in large decision-IT organizations首先,我们申明following今后空格已往句子的身分。其中的established by the book Robert's Rules of Order和for speaking and voting都润色the guideline.所以,我们可以将空格前的身分简化为following the guidelines.那么这时,原句成为Following the guidelines, _____ during meeting.和例题3一样,following the guidelines不是做定语(陪伴状语)便是做谓语。如果它做定语,背面必需带天然语序的主谓构造;如果它做谓语,背面必需带倒装的主谓构造。由此,我们拂拭带有and的选项A.根据句意(guidelines和confusion的意思)我们又可以拂拭选项C.这时,我们只剩下选项B和D.选项D是主谓倒装的构造,填进后主语应该是avoiding procedural confusion,谓语动词是are.很清楚,avoiding procedural confusion后应跟双数谓语动词。所以D也错,只要B才年夜概是准确谜底。代进句中,符合句意。例题7(1997年8月考题)Because it was so closely related to communication, _____ art form to develop.(A) drawing was probably the earliest(B) to draw early was probably(C) early drawing probably(D) the earliest draw.首先,我们申明句子构造。空格前是because指导的缘故原因状语从句,也便是说,_____art form to develop应该是完整的主谓构造。而双数的art表示它应该是润色名词form,不定式to develop做补语。所以,空格内应填进完整的主谓构造。这时,我们可以拂拭选项C和D,剩下选项A和B.细致对比选项A和B,我们发明选项A更符合句意,因为drawing这个名词(画)才年夜概是一种艺术形式(art form),而举措to draw不年夜概是一种艺术形式。所以,准确谜底是A.
关键字:toefl语法 英语语法教诲 toefl 词以类记 英语语法 描述词 语法 描述词 副词

利用最低的推广成本获得最高的投资回报。

协助QQ:522588122

利用最低的推广成本获得最高的投资回报。

协助QQ:522588122

赞助商链接